Union General Edward W. Hincks War Date Signature *WIA* Antietam


Edward Hincks war date signature, in ink. Letter is dated Jan. 1, 1864. State of New Hampshire letterhead (Office of Acting Assistant Probost Marshall General). With typical folds. Overall fine. Signature is crisp and clear. Hincks was wounded at Glendale and seriously wounded at Antietam. 


In 1861, Hincks received a regular army commission as a second lieutenant in the 2nd U.S. Cavalry, but was soon after offered a volunteer commission as colonel of the 19th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.

Hincks saw service at Ball’s Bluff, the Peninsula Campaign, and at Glendale, where he was wounded. He returned to his regiment for the Maryland Campaign, but was seriously wounded at Antietam on September 17, 1862.

He received a promotion to brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from November 29, 1862, by nomination of President Abraham Lincoln on March 4, 1863, confirmation by the U.S. Senate on March 9, 1863 and appointment by the President on April 4, 1863.[2] He spent the next two years on court martial and recruiting duty. In March through May 1864, he commanded the prison camp at Camp Lookout, Maryland[3] before being assigned to command the 3rd Division of the XVIII Corps, composed entirely of United States Colored Troops, led by white officers. He was one of the leaders of the unsuccessful First Battle of Petersburg and served in the Siege of Petersburg. When the division was rolled into the XXV Corps, Hincks was sent north to perform recruitment duties and to enforce the draft. On December 3, 1867, President Andrew Johnson nominated Hincks for the award of the honorary grade of brevet major general, United States Volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the award on May 4, 1866.[4] On December 3, 1867, President Johnson nominated Hincks for the award of the honorary grade of brevet brigadier general in the regular army, to rank from March 2, 1867,[5] for his service at Petersburg[1] The U.S. Senate confirmed the award on February 14, 1868.




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